Occupations

Jump to the API methods.

PfP adheres to ISCO-08

ISCO-08 is the International Standard for the Classification of Occupations, a classification managed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). It is a revision of the ISCO-88, which it supersedes.

ISCO-08 is a tool for organising jobs into a clearly defined set of groups according to the tasks and duties undertaken in the job. ISCO-08 was developed to facilitate international comparisons of occupational statistics and to serve as a model for countries developing or revising their national occupational classifications.

The framework used for the design and construction of ISCO-08 is based on two main concepts: the concept of job, and the concept of skill.

A job is defined in ISCO-08 as “a set of tasks and duties performed, or meant to be performed, by one person, including for an employer or in self-employment”. Occupation refers to the kind of work performed in a job.

The concept of occupation is defined as a “set of jobs whose main tasks and duties are characterised by a high degree of similarity”. A person may be associated with an occupation through the main job currently held, a second job, a future job or a job previously held.

Skill is defined as the ability to carry out the tasks and duties of a given job. For the purposes of ISCO-08, two dimensions of skills are used to arrange occupations into two groups:

  1. Skill level. This is defined as a function of the complexity and range of tasks and duties to be performed in an occupation;
  2. Skill specialisation – considered in terms of four concepts:
    1. the field of knowledge required,
    2. the tools and machinery used,
    3. the materials worked on or with and
    4. the kinds of goods and services produced.

The ISCO-08 divides jobs into 10 major groups:

  1. Armed forces occupations
  2. Managers
  3. Professional
  4. Technicians and associate professionals
  5. Clerical support workers
  6. Service and sales workers
  7. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers
  8. Craft and related trades workers
  9. Plant and machine operators, and assemblers
  10. Elementary occupations

 

Further reading: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Standard_Classification_of_Occupations